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The Calabar School of Philosophy is an intellectual forum of like-minds who adopt the approach of conversational thinking developed by Jonathan O. Chimakonam and the approach of complementary reflection developed by Innocent I. Asouzu in their Africa-focused research activities.

Conversational thinking has two components: 1. Conversational Philosophy with conversationalism as its method and 2. Interrogatory Theory with interrogationism as its method. Conversationalism is a method of philosophic thought that involves critical and creative engagements between actors geared toward increasing literature and architectonic building of systems.

Interrogationism on its part is a method of social thought that involves deconstructive and reconstructive engagements with social structures and thoughts of other actors geared toward building strong social institutions and correcting faulty systems. It must be stated also that interrogationism employs what is called the “negative questioning” style for example, instead of asking what the concept of civil disobedience is; one who employs the method of interrogationism asks what the concept is not. This method according to Chimakonam unveils uncommon perspective to the issue.

Complementarity articulated by Asouzu now has an off-shoot in mandelanism being worked out by Mesembe Edet. Complementary Reflection as a method of thought which treats every variable as a missing link seeks to produce a synthesis where everything that counts is allowed to count.

It is also one of the methods adopted by the Calabar School of Philosophy. These methods are undergirded by the dialectical Ezumezu logic system developed by Chimakonam which seeks to obtain a functional synthesis from seemingly but not completely opposed sub-contraries.